Along with the end of the Cameroonian Independence War in 1960, Cameroon was divided into two main territories. The north-western and south-western regions, which were once part of the British colony, were at first given an independent mandate but were integrated into the rest of the country in 1971. However, sentiments of the predominantly English-speaking region towards the other 80% of French-speaking citizens are heavily embedded into the minority of the population which has felt marginalised within the Republic of Cameroon for many years.
English-speaking Cameroonians in the Western states feel marginalised in a country dominated by the other 80% of French-speaking citizens.
After over a year of strikes and protests which have led to the arrests of leading members of the Anglophone movement as well as the blocking of Internet access in the area, tensions today are at a high. A report from the International Crisis Group comments “the Anglophone crisis is in part a classic problem of a minority, which has swung between a desire for integration and a desire for autonomy, and in part a more structural governance problem.”
Furthermore, strikes amongst lawyers and professionals due to sentiments of prejudice on top of countless cases of discrimination and law-suits filed by Anglophone Cameroonians have led to a slowing of judicial processes in the country.